The Greater Pretoria Region of Gauteng is one of South Africa's three capital cities and serves as the executive and official de facto capital of South Africa. The region lies in a transitional area ranging from Highveld to the Bushveld area of Gauteng. The Pretoria region lies in a warm well sheltered valley, and it is on of the areas in South Africa that experiences mild weather year round. It is believed that Nguni speaking settlers were the first to inhabit this fertile valley area. These settlers were forced to abandon their villages under attack from a regiment of Zulu raiders in 1832. In 1855, Pretoria was founded by a leader of the Voortrekkers called Marthinus Pretorius; he named Pretoria after his father Andries Pretorius. Pretoria became the capital of the South African Republic on 1 May 1860. When the Boer Republics of the ZAR united as the Union of South Africa, Pretoria became the administrative capital of the whole of South Africa. In 1931 Pretoria achieved official city status.
The Greater Pretoria region is home to the university of Pretoria, which is the largest residential university in South Africa. Other major universities in this region the largest distance education university, University of South Africa and Tshwane University of Technology. The South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research is also located here. The Pretoria region is a significant commercial area in South Africa with industries such as iron and steel casting as well as automobile, railroad and machinery manufacturing. The region is the third biggest contributor to the South Africa's total GDP behind Johannesburg and Cape Town.
The Pretoria region offers many attractions that is worth visiting. Burgers Park, established in 1882, was the first park in the area. The Fountains Nature Reserve proclaimed in 1895, claims to be the first natures reserve in Africa. The Paul Kruger museum is in the house of President Paul Kruger of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. Melrose House, built in 1886, is an example of Victorian lifestyle. Pretoria Art Museum hosts paintings of South African artists. The Pierneef Museum has an exhibit of the artist Pierneef. Van Wouw House was the home of sculptor Anton van Wouw and exhibits some of his work. The Museum of Science and Technology has exhibits in which visitors can participate. Pretoria Zoo is the largest zoo in South Africa. At the State Theatre, consisting of several theatres, productions range from opera and jazz to ballet, drama and cabaret. In the Wonderboom Nature Reserve, just north of the Pretoria Zoo, is a giant fig tree of about 1'000 years old, and which grows over an area of 0,5Ha.
Information on Pretoria Towns
Arcadia, Boekenhoutskloof, Bronkhorstspruit, Brooklyn , Brummeria , Centurion, Clubview , Cullinan , Constantia Park, De Wagensdrift, Die Wilgers , Donkerhoek , Dinokeng, Eldoraigne , Erasmuskloof , Erasmusrand, Garsfontein , Groenkloof , Hatfield, Hennopspark , Irene , Kameeldrift, Knoppieslaagte , Lynnwood, Lyttelton , Menlo Park , Menlyn, Meyerspark, Mnandi , Monrick , Montana, Murrayfield, Pretoria, Pretoria East, Raslouw , Riviera , Rust de Winter, Silverlakes , The Reeds , Wapadrand, Waterkloof , Waverley